Who would’ve thought that a book contains many different parts! Here’s a breakdown of those parts:
Board or cover – the front and back of the book.
Joint – a small groove where the book boards are attached to the book and bends when the book is opened.
Spine – considered the book’s backbone, the spine usually displays the title, author and publisher of the book.
Head – the top part of the spine.
Tail – the bottom part of the spine.
Pastedown & free-end paper – this is usually made up of one piece of paper that joins the book block to the cover. Sometimes the pastedown and free-end paper is made up two separate sheets joined together.
Hinge – the part that bends when the book is opened.
Fore edge – this is the trimmed edge of the opposite of the spine and can sometimes be painted or gilded on higher end books.
Headband – colored cloth band designed to protect the book spine.
Text block – also sometimes referred to as book block, this is the inside pages that make up the book.
Dust Jacket / Dust Wrapper (not shown in diagram) – commonly called the jacket, it is a protective paper or plastic wrapper that wrap around the covers of the book for protection.